Archives

Types

Basic Telescope Designs

The job of a telescope is to collect light, not to magnify an image (the eyepiece does that job). The larger the objective (the part that collects the light) whether it be a lens, in refractors, or a mirror, in reflectors, the more light the telescope will collect. The more light you can collect, the more detail you will be able to capture, and also important for astrophotography, the shorter your exposures will need to be to capture this detail.

Refractor Telescopes

The type of telescope most people visualize when they hear the word telescope is the ‘Refractor’. This is what Galileo used for his break-through discoveries. A refractor has an objective lens at the front which passes the light straight through to the back of the tube, focusing this light at an eyepiece or for astrophotography a camera.

Advantages:

-No central obstruction (see more in the reflecting scopes), giving higher contrast.

-Due to the simple design they require little maintenance.

-Excellent for planetary and lunar viewing and photography.

-Excellent for wide field viewing and astrophotography especially in shorter focal lengths (more on this later).

-Because the objective is permanently mounted and aligned there is no need for collimation (again more on this in another article).

-Excellent color in apochromatic and ED (Extra Dispersion) designs.

Disadvantages:

-Costlier per inch of aperture (objective) than reflectors and catadioptric telescopes.

-Can become bulky and difficult to manage, especially in larger lens designs.

Newtonian Telescopes

This design was invented by Sir Isaac Newton (he of the apple on the head fame). Instead of a lens at the front of the tube this telescope design uses a concave, parabolic mirror to collect light reflecting it back towards the front of the tube to a flat diagonal mirror which reflects the light out the side of the telescope to the eyepiece or camera for astrophotography.

Advantages:

-Lowest cost per inch of all the telescope designs.

-More light gathering power per dollar because of the lower cost design.

-Absolutely perfect color rendition.

-More compact design compared to a refractor of similar light gathering ability.

-Excellent contrast for planetary and lunar astrophotography and viewing in longer focal lengths.

-Can get excellent wide-field astrophotos and short exposures in shorter focal lengths.

Disadvantages:

-Slight loss of contrast due to the central obstruction (the flat secondary mirror) as compared to a refractor.

-Requires more maintenance, such as collimation (discussed in another article) which is vital for great results in your astrophotography, although you will learn how to do this quickly with practice.

Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescopes

This is a very popular design, with a high tech look. Also known as a CAT (Catadrioptics). They use a combination of lenses and mirrors to collect and focus the light onto the eyepiece or camera. The light enters the telescope through a thin ‘lens’ called a schmidt corrector plate, goes to the back of the scope to a spherical primary mirror which reflects the light back towards the front. Here the light strikes another mirror, the secondary mirror which is mounted on the corrector plate. This secondary mirror then reflects the light back towards the back where it is focused onto a hole in the primary mirror where the light is collected by an eyepiece or your astrophotography camera.

Advantages:

-Compact and portable.

-Low maintenance although once again collimation is required for top performance.

-Many, many astrophotography accessories available.

-Cheaper per inch of aperture as compared with refractors.

-Excellent all-round telescope, good to very good for both visual and astrophography.

-Very good for planetary and lunar viewing and astrophotography.

-Very good to excellent for DSO (Deep Space Object) astrophotography with a caveat (see the disadvantages).

-Very good to excellent optics, both Meade and Celestron are putting out excellent optics on a consistent basis.

Disadvantages:

-Costlier per inch of aperture as compared with Newtonian telescopes.

-Loss of contrast due to the central obstruction which is even larger than that in the Newtonian scopes.

-Due to their longer focal lengths the field of view is smaller and longer exposures are required for astrophotography, although a lens known as a focal reducer is available which minimizes or removes this problem. The longer focal length is actually an advantage in planetary and lunar photography.

Maksutov-Cassegrain

The Maksutov-Cassegrain telescope design is basically the same as the Schmidt-Cassegrain design except it uses a meniscus lens at the front instead of a Schmidt corrector plate. The main advantage to the Mak telescope design is you will get sharper higher contrast planetary and lunar images when compared with the Schmidt design.

Source by Carl Gilbertson

Many people go through various traumatic experiences. For example, one can fall down a flight of very long flight of stairs in one of the buildings in Boca Raton. You can imagine how one would roll over and over again as the go down the flight of stairs as various parts of that person’s body keeps hitting the stairs. It is a very scary thing even to think about. You can imagine what would be going through the person’s mind as they roll down the stairs, that is, if they are still conscious. Some of the injuries this person is bound to have are fractures of the hands and legs, spinal cord injuries, back injuries and also serious head injuries like brain injuries.

All this happens because of someone’s carelessness or just of simple ignorance and negligence. A simple thing can have a very detrimental effect. It is for this purpose that a personal injury attorney will come up, even if you stay in the unknown parts of the town of Boca Raton. Such lawyers would want to ensure that the victim of the incident is compensated for the pain, suffering and damages experienced in that ordeal. It is not a joke falling over a flight of stair, being hit by a car or even simply being hit by a bicycle. There have been cases where people have been hit by bicycles and have been paralyzed because of the same. So, it would be important to get a persona injury attorney for yourself.

One thing about these lawyers is that some of them will offer free consultation. What one can do is to look for a competent personal injury attorney in the place where the incident happened (even in the deepest parts of Boca Raton). Explain all the actions that happened before and after the accident. This usually helps the attorney come up with a strong case so that they may know what negotiation tactics to use so that maximum compensation is done. The attorneys will use their negotiation skills that they have acquired throughout their life of practicing to come up with papers that can be forwarded to the defendants/ the person(s) responsible for the accident.

If you happened to go through a traumatic experience, you would need counseling sessions. Medical specialists say that the brain/ mind of any person are what control them. This means that if the mind of one is not stable because they are always remembering the accident that happened to them, they become less productive. This also develops phobias. Thus, the personal responsible for causing the accident has to compensate for all this. A personal injury attorney can be found in Boca Raton, California and any other part of this country.

Source by Keith Reig

There are two different types of woods available to manufacture fold up tables and chairs. Within these two categories there are multiple species available.

Softwoods are from coniferous trees. These trees tend to have a yellow or reddish tint to them. Some coniferous trees are as follows cedar, fir and pine.

Let us look at some of the species of softwood available and their characteristics. First we have cedar. Cedar is a fairly soft wood with a hardness of 1 on a scale of one to four. Cedar is readily available, moderately priced and is a fantastic choice for making outdoor furniture due to its resistance to rotting when out in the weather. Next we have fir. Fir is the hardest of the softwoods with a hardness of one on a scale of one to four. Furniture made out of fir will need to be painted as fir doesn’t stain very well. Next, let us look at pine. Pine is an easy wood to work with. It will be easy to stain if it is sealed first as Ponderosa Pine has a tendency to ooze sap. Lastly, let us look at redwood. Redwood, like cedar is very easy to work with and would be best used for outdoor projects.

Hardwoods seem to be much more expensive than their softwoods counterparts. Hardwoods come in a multitude of species which leads to a multitude of colors, textures and grain patterns. Let us take a look at some of the hardwoods available to manufacture fold up tables and chairs.

Ash has a hardness of 4 on a scale of one to five. Ash is very easy to stain and very easy to work with but hard to find making it relatively expensive.

Birch is one of the most readily available hardwoods. In turn, birch is less expensive than some of its hardwood counterparts. However, if you make furniture out of birch prepare to paint it as staining it leaves a blotchy look behind.

Cherry is a very popular versatile wood which is easily stained with oil. Cherry has a hardness of 2 on a scale of one to five. Cherry is a little higher priced than some of the other hardwoods.

Mahogany is a hard to find expensive piece of wood. However, if you can find a good supply of mahogany then you can make some beautiful furniture.

There are two kinds of maple hard and soft. Hard maple has a hardness of 5 on a scale of one to five. This hardness makes it difficult to work with. Soft maple on the other hand is easier to work with and less expensive.

There are a few other hardwoods available to make furniture out of. White Oak withstands the elements very well. Some others are poplar, teak and walnut. Teak and walnut are very expensive due to the scarcity of product available.

From softwoods to hardwoods, many different types of materials are available to manufacture fold up tables and chairs. Choosing the right material must be done carefully and diligently. If you make a mistake in choosing the material you want to use it may cost you dearly in the end. So choose wisely.

Source by Dale R Blair

What Kind of Dentist Specialists Are There?

The American Dental Association is a leading advocate for oral health. They are also known as the ADA.

There are 9 dental specialties that the ADA recognizes.

* Dental Public Health

* Endodontics

* Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

* Orthodontics

* Pediatric Dentistry

* Periodontics

* Prosthodontics

Here is a brief list of the procedures of the specialties that dentists perform.

[GENERAL and FAMILY DENTISTS]

General Dentistry encompasses the basics of dental procedures, from basic hygiene checkups, to drilling and fillings, and routine cleanings.

Some things included in general dentistry are:

* root canals

* gum health (treatment and care)

* bridges

* dental cleaning

[COSMETIC DENTISTS]

What types of dentists do cosmetic dentistry?

It seems that everywhere dentist advertisement that you find, they offer some type of cosmetic dentistry. That’s mainly because a lot of dentists perform one or more of the most popular and requested dental cosmetic procedures. However, each type of dentist specializes on different treatments and procedures. This is partly because of the specialty they focus on with the additional continuing education they selected after graduating and getting board certified.

Dentists that perform and specialize in cosmetic dentistry take care of the appearance of your teeth.

They usually specialize in the following:

* dentures

* veneers

* gum reshaping

* teeth reshaping

[RESTORATIVE DENTISTS]

Dentists that specialize in restorative care usually perform the following:

* porcelain inlays

* crowns

* dental implants

* fillings

The following are some of the actual nine dental specialties recognized by the ADA.

[ORTHODONTICS and DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS]

Orthodontists install braces and prescribe Invisalign. These are usually for cosmetic reasons.

They basically fix the alignment of your bite and in correcting function of your teeth including function.

[ENDODONTISTS]

“Endodontic” originates from the terms, “endo” meaning ‘inside’ and “odont” which means ‘tooth.’

Therefore, endodontic care specializes on the inside of the tooth.

They perform root canal treatment as necessary.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY]

When you want to have teeth replaced by inserting dental implants, you will need a dentist that specializes in maxillofacial surgery.

Having a tooth pulled also falls under this category.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY]

This aspect of dentistry deals with X-rays and diagnostic imaging used to interpret and for diagnosis. Besides X-rays, Dentists use MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) along with ultra-sound for diagnostic purposes.

[PEDIATRIC DENTISTS]

Of course, this is for the kids. Pediatric Dentists specialize in oral health care for children.

[PERIODONTIST CARE]

A Specialist in periodontics usually focus on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention for gum disease. (also known as periodontal disease.)

They also do gum shaping, as well.

[PROSTHODONTIC]

These dentist specialists deal with treating, rehabilitation, and maintaining your oral functions. They also help with comfort, appearance, and health for those with missing or bad teeth.

These dentists focus on installing dentures, veneers, and crowns, just to mention a few.

They basically specialize in cosmetic and restorative dentistry.

There is only a fraction of prosthodontists in comparison to all other dentists.

It seems that a lot of the procedures above overlap in regards to the specialists that performs each specialty.

How long does it take to become a dentist?

In the United States of America, in general, it would take the average person about 8 years to complete training to become a dentist.

The way this works is that an individual would go through 4 years of undergraduate studies, first. Then, four more years in dental school.

During the time in dental school, two of the years would be in the classroom, and the other two is in clinical training. Basically, “Hands On” for the last two years.

Once your dental school has been completed, you would need to pass a two-part licensure exam. The two parts are a written exam and practical exam.

In order to become a specialist in any of the 9 specialties mentioned above, a dentist has to undergo a post-doctoral examination.

This additional education would take about two to four years.

That is what you need to be a dentist and specialist.

Source by Christopher S Zak

Gum boil is a very common complaint that we see in our clinics every day. The case usually is a result of neglected dental abscess.

Gum boil symptoms:

The case is usually presented as small opining in the gum that drain pus or sometimes blood if you apply pressure to it. The area around the boil is usually a little swallowed and red. The pus drainage may stop for a while and the opining may even close, but usually if the case is not treated the pus will be accumulated again in the tissue and the opining will appear again to drain the formed pus. The neighboring tooth usually is sensitive to pressure and produce pain with chewing but sometimes the pain is not obvious in chronic cases. The neighboring tooth usually have a very large cavity or severe periodontal problems. The patient usually complain of bad breath and salty bad taste as a result of the drained pus.

Some times the case may take an acute course and here the symptoms will be generalized in the form of face swelling, fever and lymph node tenderness.

Gum boils causes and types:

Gum boil or abscess causes includes extensive caries with necrotic nerve of tooth or severe, deep periodontal pocket we will discuss both in details.

Dental pockets start with gingival inflammation due to plaque and tartar accumulation if the gingival inflammation still untreated the bacteria will start to invade the periodontal ligament that is responsible of cementing the root surface to the gum tissue and bone. As a result of bacterial invasion into the periodontal ligament the attachment is lost between tooth and gum forming what is called dental pocket. Later this pocket is filled with bacteria and food debris which may cause pus formation and the pus oozing start.

The most common cause of gum boil is teeth abscess. Teeth abscess usually formed as a result of caries that reached the pulp so the caries bacteria ferment the pulp tissue and continue to invade the periodontal ligament and jaw bones over the diseased root. As a result to body reaction to bacterial invasion pus formed and the resultant pus pressure leads tissue destruction and this continue till a canal is formed to drain the pus out witch lead in the end to form gum boil that drain the pus out.

Treatment:

Once you discover it you should see your dentist quickly as in many cases if the boil treated quickly we may avoid tooth extraction. The dentist will examine you carefully to discover the cause and usually an x-ray film is taken. Once the cause is discovered the second step will be draining the pus by starting root canal treatment to let the pus get out from an opining inside the tooth crown, Sometimes making a small incision in the gum to drain the pus or even extract the tooth if your decided that the tooth is hopeless.

Then if the dentist decided that the tooth is hopeful he may perform root canal treatment or gingival surgery to treat the gum pocket.

Prognosis:

Unfortunately usually many of the teeth that cause gum boils should be extracted to completely relief the case. But we have to say that many teeth with gum boils may be conserved and even restore it’s normal functions after successful root canal or gingival surgery. So your dentist is the only one to decide what to do with it and your role is only to see your dentist as fast as possible as this may help to conserve the tooth and avoid extraction.

What to do at home:

As we mentioned before once you have gum boil you should see your dentist as fast as possible. Till you find a date in you dentist clinic you should try to drain the formed pus by applying light pressure on the gum around the opining and use warm saline as mouth wash to increase the blood supply to the area to help the drainage and relief the symptoms.

Source by Dr. Ahmed Galal

What Kind of Dentist Specialists Are There?

The American Dental Association is a leading advocate for oral health. They are also known as the ADA.

There are 9 dental specialties that the ADA recognizes.

* Dental Public Health

* Endodontics

* Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

* Orthodontics

* Pediatric Dentistry

* Periodontics

* Prosthodontics

Here is a brief list of the procedures of the specialties that dentists perform.

[GENERAL and FAMILY DENTISTS]

General Dentistry encompasses the basics of dental procedures, from basic hygiene checkups, to drilling and fillings, and routine cleanings.

Some things included in general dentistry are:

* root canals

* gum health (treatment and care)

* bridges

* dental cleaning

[COSMETIC DENTISTS]

What types of dentists do cosmetic dentistry?

It seems that everywhere dentist advertisement that you find, they offer some type of cosmetic dentistry. That’s mainly because a lot of dentists perform one or more of the most popular and requested dental cosmetic procedures. However, each type of dentist specializes on different treatments and procedures. This is partly because of the specialty they focus on with the additional continuing education they selected after graduating and getting board certified.

Dentists that perform and specialize in cosmetic dentistry take care of the appearance of your teeth.

They usually specialize in the following:

* dentures

* veneers

* gum reshaping

* teeth reshaping

[RESTORATIVE DENTISTS]

Dentists that specialize in restorative care usually perform the following:

* porcelain inlays

* crowns

* dental implants

* fillings

The following are some of the actual nine dental specialties recognized by the ADA.

[ORTHODONTICS and DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS]

Orthodontists install braces and prescribe Invisalign. These are usually for cosmetic reasons.

They basically fix the alignment of your bite and in correcting function of your teeth including function.

[ENDODONTISTS]

“Endodontic” originates from the terms, “endo” meaning ‘inside’ and “odont” which means ‘tooth.’

Therefore, endodontic care specializes on the inside of the tooth.

They perform root canal treatment as necessary.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY]

When you want to have teeth replaced by inserting dental implants, you will need a dentist that specializes in maxillofacial surgery.

Having a tooth pulled also falls under this category.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY]

This aspect of dentistry deals with X-rays and diagnostic imaging used to interpret and for diagnosis. Besides X-rays, Dentists use MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) along with ultra-sound for diagnostic purposes.

[PEDIATRIC DENTISTS]

Of course, this is for the kids. Pediatric Dentists specialize in oral health care for children.

[PERIODONTIST CARE]

A Specialist in periodontics usually focus on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention for gum disease. (also known as periodontal disease.)

They also do gum shaping, as well.

[PROSTHODONTIC]

These dentist specialists deal with treating, rehabilitation, and maintaining your oral functions. They also help with comfort, appearance, and health for those with missing or bad teeth.

These dentists focus on installing dentures, veneers, and crowns, just to mention a few.

They basically specialize in cosmetic and restorative dentistry.

There is only a fraction of prosthodontists in comparison to all other dentists.

It seems that a lot of the procedures above overlap in regards to the specialists that performs each specialty.

How long does it take to become a dentist?

In the United States of America, in general, it would take the average person about 8 years to complete training to become a dentist.

The way this works is that an individual would go through 4 years of undergraduate studies, first. Then, four more years in dental school.

During the time in dental school, two of the years would be in the classroom, and the other two is in clinical training. Basically, “Hands On” for the last two years.

Once your dental school has been completed, you would need to pass a two-part licensure exam. The two parts are a written exam and practical exam.

In order to become a specialist in any of the 9 specialties mentioned above, a dentist has to undergo a post-doctoral examination.

This additional education would take about two to four years.

That is what you need to be a dentist and specialist.

Source by Christopher S Zak

What Kind of Dentist Specialists Are There?

The American Dental Association is a leading advocate for oral health. They are also known as the ADA.

There are 9 dental specialties that the ADA recognizes.

* Dental Public Health

* Endodontics

* Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

* Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

* Orthodontics

* Pediatric Dentistry

* Periodontics

* Prosthodontics

Here is a brief list of the procedures of the specialties that dentists perform.

[GENERAL and FAMILY DENTISTS]

General Dentistry encompasses the basics of dental procedures, from basic hygiene checkups, to drilling and fillings, and routine cleanings.

Some things included in general dentistry are:

* root canals

* gum health (treatment and care)

* bridges

* dental cleaning

[COSMETIC DENTISTS]

What types of dentists do cosmetic dentistry?

It seems that everywhere dentist advertisement that you find, they offer some type of cosmetic dentistry. That’s mainly because a lot of dentists perform one or more of the most popular and requested dental cosmetic procedures. However, each type of dentist specializes on different treatments and procedures. This is partly because of the specialty they focus on with the additional continuing education they selected after graduating and getting board certified.

Dentists that perform and specialize in cosmetic dentistry take care of the appearance of your teeth.

They usually specialize in the following:

* dentures

* veneers

* gum reshaping

* teeth reshaping

[RESTORATIVE DENTISTS]

Dentists that specialize in restorative care usually perform the following:

* porcelain inlays

* crowns

* dental implants

* fillings

The following are some of the actual nine dental specialties recognized by the ADA.

[ORTHODONTICS and DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS]

Orthodontists install braces and prescribe Invisalign. These are usually for cosmetic reasons.

They basically fix the alignment of your bite and in correcting function of your teeth including function.

[ENDODONTISTS]

“Endodontic” originates from the terms, “endo” meaning ‘inside’ and “odont” which means ‘tooth.’

Therefore, endodontic care specializes on the inside of the tooth.

They perform root canal treatment as necessary.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY]

When you want to have teeth replaced by inserting dental implants, you will need a dentist that specializes in maxillofacial surgery.

Having a tooth pulled also falls under this category.

[ORAL and MAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY]

This aspect of dentistry deals with X-rays and diagnostic imaging used to interpret and for diagnosis. Besides X-rays, Dentists use MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) along with ultra-sound for diagnostic purposes.

[PEDIATRIC DENTISTS]

Of course, this is for the kids. Pediatric Dentists specialize in oral health care for children.

[PERIODONTIST CARE]

A Specialist in periodontics usually focus on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention for gum disease. (also known as periodontal disease.)

They also do gum shaping, as well.

[PROSTHODONTIC]

These dentist specialists deal with treating, rehabilitation, and maintaining your oral functions. They also help with comfort, appearance, and health for those with missing or bad teeth.

These dentists focus on installing dentures, veneers, and crowns, just to mention a few.

They basically specialize in cosmetic and restorative dentistry.

There is only a fraction of prosthodontists in comparison to all other dentists.

It seems that a lot of the procedures above overlap in regards to the specialists that performs each specialty.

How long does it take to become a dentist?

In the United States of America, in general, it would take the average person about 8 years to complete training to become a dentist.

The way this works is that an individual would go through 4 years of undergraduate studies, first. Then, four more years in dental school.

During the time in dental school, two of the years would be in the classroom, and the other two is in clinical training. Basically, “Hands On” for the last two years.

Once your dental school has been completed, you would need to pass a two-part licensure exam. The two parts are a written exam and practical exam.

In order to become a specialist in any of the 9 specialties mentioned above, a dentist has to undergo a post-doctoral examination.

This additional education would take about two to four years.

That is what you need to be a dentist and specialist.

Source by Christopher S Zak

Good public speaking skills involve more than presenting informative or persuasive material to an audience in an engaging, uplifting manner. It requires the use of connectives to keep your presentation or speech organized as well as unified. Better than a verbal tic, such as ‘um’ or ‘ah,’ by employing good connectives in your speech, you will also make it easier for your listeners to both follow what you are saying and remember more of what you are saying.

The 4 types of connectives include:

1. Signposts

Without a doubt, one of the most popular forms of connectives are signposts. The signpost refers to very brief statements that tell your audience where you are in your speech. They can be numbers – the 1st idea, the 2nd idea, etc.; they can be questions which offer good audience interaction; and, they can be phrases that underscore important points in your message.

Example: The most important thing I want you to gain from my presentation is that breathing with the support of your diaphragm will not only end vocal abuse but it will also mean a more confident, more mature-sounding speaking voice.

In the above statement, I have reiterated what I want my audience to remember but I have also let them know that I have come to the end of my development. While those words are not my concluding statement, they have paved the way for my conclusion.

2. Transitions

Transitions are words or phrases that mark the end of one thought or idea and move the speaker into another thought or idea by including material from the previous statement into the new one.

Example: Now that we have seen that the habitual voice can be affected by vocal abuse, allow me to explain how the situation can be reversed.

In the above sentence, the words in bold mark the transition, reinforcing my previous statements and paving the way for the new statement.

3. Internal Previews

Similar to the transition and often including a transition, the internal preview is found in the development of the speech or presentation and includes what is coming up in greater detail than the transition. The preview is in bold.

Example: Now that we have seen that the habitual voice can be affected by vocal abuse, the remedy is quite simple. Learn to breathe with the support of your diaphragm and allow your chests to power your voice.

Including the original transition, the internal preview consists of the statement which follows in bold.

4. Internal Summaries

Found also in the development of the speech or presentation, the internal summary is the opposite of the internal preview because it lists ever so briefly what has already been stated. These summaries are important because they reinforce what has already been said, making it easier for your audience to follow your message.

Example: In essence, by learning to breathe properly, finding the optimum pitch of your speaking voice, and allowing your chest to do the work, you will eliminate vocal abuse forever.

The above sentence summarizes succinctly what may have been discussed for the last 10, 20 or even 40 minutes of your delivery.

Using any and all of the above connectives in your delivery are very effective means of keeping your audience’s attention as well as keeping your talk organized. Use them and your listeners will remember more of what you have said.

Source by Nancy Daniels

Pediatric dentists studied for 4 years in dental school and also had additional 2 years training in residency, specializing in infants, children and teens, and also children who have special needs. They offer different treatment options and oral health care services that include the following.

* Oral health exams for infants and children, including assessing the risk for caries. Dental caries are what we commonly know as cavities, characterized by erosion in tooth surface due to acids, bacteria, tartar and plaques which result when there is poor dental hygiene,

* Counseling about infants’ habits of thumb-sucking and use of pacifier,

* Orthodontics, or treatment of an improper bite,

* Preventive dental care like fluoride treatments and cleaning. A pediatric dentist may also recommend proper diet and nutrition for healthy teeth development,

* Diagnosis of disease-related oral conditions such as congenital heart disease, diabetes, hay fever, asthma, and others,

* Gum diseases management, and

* Care and treatment of dental injuries such as knocked out teeth, and also fractured or misplaced teeth.

Your pediatrician may suggest at some point that your kid have a dental exam. This should not be cause for anxiety, either to you or your child. Because beyond their dental know-how, pediatric dentists are experts in interacting with children. This is very important, especially for kids who have dental anxiety or will be making their first dental visit. Children will be made more comfortable and at ease when the office is designed and equipped with kid-related things, such as attractive pictures on the walls of the office and toys, goodie bars, pillows and blankets. It is a totally kid-friendly office of a dentist.

Pediatric dentists are easy to find. You can find them practicing in private and in a variety of other locations such as medical centers and dental schools. Your child’s pediatrician can likely know of a dentist specializing in children, so he or she can help you find one. The internet is also a good source of finding any product or service, so you just go online and find a dentist near your home.

Every child needs proper dental care, to prevent any disease of the teeth and possible oral decay. When these diseases are not detected early or left untreated, these may cause serious pain and complications for your kid’s lifetime. Dental caries, for example, is an infectious disease which is more common today than hay fever or asthma. So call your child’s dentist now and promote his or her oral health.

Source by Sanjana Antony

Whether you have gaps between your teeth or you have lost a tooth due to decay, infection or accident, you can replace missing or gapped teeth with natural looking prosthetic device, called dental bridges.

Dental bridges are the latest and best solution for replacing teeth that are missing or that need to be removed. Fused between two porcelain crowns, a dental bridge not only helps you obtain a perfect and complete smile but also restores your ability to eat and look normal.

Gone are the days when people with the poor dental structure and unattractive smile did not have any solutions and they have to live with stained, chipped, misaligned or spaced teeth. Today, a wide variety of aesthetic dental treatments are available that can correct everything from minor flaws in the smile to tooth discoloration, missing or cracked teeth, and unevenly spaced teeth.

From implants, porcelain veneers and bridges to tooth-colored fillings, patients can choose from a plethora of dental solutions to restore the vitality of their smile and overall oral health.

What are Dental Bridges?

Dental Bridges are referred to as a false tooth or teeth (pontic) to create a beautiful, healthy and a more aesthetically pleasing smile. These prosthetics are used in cosmetic dentistry to “bridge” the gaps where a tooth or teeth are missing or removed.

Made of two caps, known as crowns, and an artificial tooth, a dental bridge is permanently fixed to abutment teeth that are on each side of the false tooth.

Over the last few years, this cosmetic dental appliance has undergone a transformation, thanks to cutting-edge dental technology, including the computerized x-rays and the revolutionary 3D imagery & CAD-CAM system.

Cosmetic dental experts now are able to quickly create accurate dental restorations, including abutments, full crowns, dental bars, implant bridges and inlays / onlays, that are stronger and has a more natural and pleasant appearance.

Types

There are three main types of dental bridges:

Traditional bridges: Made of porcelain or porcelain fused to metal, these prosthetics are fixed and unlike removable partial dentures you cannot take them out of your mouth.

Cantilever bridges: This form of bridges is used when only one abutment tooth surrounds the open space.

Maryland bonded bridges: Also called a resin-bonded bridge, this bridge is primarily used for your front teeth. It is a good choice when the abutment teeth are healthy, strong and don’t have large fillings.

Advantages

With latest advancements in dental technology and cosmetic dentistry, installing a bridge is a simple procedure now.

It is a time-saving procedure, requiring only two visits to the dentist.

Bridges are natural in appearance.

They help maintain your facial tone and prevent facial musculature changes.

If you maintain good oral hygiene, bridges can reduce your risk of gum disease and prevent the tooth from shifting, tilting, or drifting into the empty space.

They give you a healthy, beautiful, well-aligned smile as well as help correct bite issues and even improve your ability to speak properly.

Your chewing efficiency is increased as the forces in your bite are equally distributed after installation of bridges.

Bridges are less invasive and less expensive when compared to dental implants or any other restorative dental procedure.

Your fixed bridge should last as many as ten years or more, albeit it requires commitment to serious oral hygiene.

Disadvantages

It is likely that your teeth become sensitive to extreme temperatures, hot and cold, for a few weeks after the treatment.

Acidic food may lead to build up of bacteria on your teeth and gums can become infected in the absence of proper oral hygiene.

Smoking may cause complications, as it harbors bacterial growth.

Poor oral hygiene can aggravate failure of dental bridges.

Cemented bridge may become loose or collapse.

A dental bridge requires removal of natural tooth structure from the two anchor teeth.

Source by Neelam Goswami

Book your appointment