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Plastic

You may think that plastic surgery is a product of the 20th century, but it actually has a long history that goes back thousands of years. While the ancient forms were primarily for reconstructive purposes, there is evidence that Hollywood did not create the need for cosmetic procedures.

The name comes from the Greek word "plastikos" and it means to shape. Thousands of years ago, surgeons in India were performing reconstructive plastic surgery. Mostly, these procedures consisted of skin grafts to repair damage to the face and other parts of the body. The very first medical manual written on the subject came about sometime between 323 BC and 27 BC Aulus Cornelius Celsus' manual, De Medicina, addressed repairing the lips, nose and ears.

Because of changing beliefs and a prohibitive order by the Church, advancements stopped during the Middle Ages. Interest was renewed during the Renaissance and this led to the development of new and safer techniques in plastic surgery. The 1400s saw a new text written about breast reduction and surgery of the mouth, jaw and eyelids.

The most important advances possibly came about because of war and necessity. New and more devastating weapons were being used during WWI and they were causing serious facial and head trauma. Field surgeons had no shortage of wounded soldiers to develop and perfect new plastic surgery techniques.

It was also during this time that the first purely aesthetic surgeries occurred. Rhinoplasty and breast augmentation were the first procedures to emerge in this new area of ​​cosmetic plastic surgery. Surgeons also began to understand and make improvements in the areas of sedation and infection control which went hand in hand with their reconstructive procedures.

The early 1900s saw plastic surgery become an officially recognized field in surgical specialties. The first journal, Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, was published in 1946. This was an important step in the advancement of the field as it provided an outlet for surgeons across the country share ideas and techniques in their community.

Standards for certification were also devised during this time. Since WWII, this field of medicine has only flourished. Advances in technology allow for safe, fast and effective procedures. The 60s saw perhaps the most famous and infamous development-the silicon breast implant. Because of stringent research and a dedication to safety, the FDA and the field of plastic surgery can once again use silicone for breast augmentation.

It is research like this that continues to be done so that procedures can be performed in the best manner possible. Combination procedures such as the body lift and new techniques such as energy-assisted liposuction have all emerged as a result of the continuous research in the field. The patient only benefits from these advances.

For the person wanting to benefit from this age-old profession, it is important that she verify her surgeon's credentials. He should be board certified and licensed to practice. Choosing a surgeon who specializes in a specific procedure is also beneficial to the patient. As evidenced through history, this is a well-established field and also widely used. As long as the patient feels comfortable with the surgeon, there's no reason for her to put off having plastic surgery to improve her life.

Source by Abigail Aaronson

Orange County – or at least parts of it – is often characterized as Beverly Hills South. Certainly there are some premium neighborhoods there: Newport Beach, Laguna Beach; Cota de Caza; Dana Point and others have housing that rivals much of Beverly Hills. But Orange County is much bigger than Beverly Hills, and its population includes many cities that are beautifully laid out with substantial homes perhaps a notch below the Beverly Hills category. The widespread affluence in Orange County leads us to our first reason why the plastic surgeons there have high standards.

1. Orange County is an area where appearance is important. If anything, it is more of a 'beach and tan' culture than West LA So many residents seek out cosmetic surgery; and there are many thousands of them who can afford it. Cities like Laguna Niguel; Irvine; Laguna Hills and Aliso Viejo are home to thousands who will seek out cosmetic treatments such as liposuction and tummy tucks in order to meet the appearance standards of the community.

2. The large body of potential plastic surgery recipients who can afford quality care means that the plastic surgeons that open practices there and are successful are going to be board certified surgeons with first rate educations and experience. Orange County has a substantial number of first rate cosmetic care clinics that include plastic surgery along with a full range of spa services.

3. The hospitals in the area understand the importance of plastic surgery as a service. MemorialCare has five affiliated hospitals in Orange County; one of them is a children's hospital in Long Beach that provides reconstructive plastic surgery for children. If there's a specialty like that in the area, chances are that plastic surgery in general is going to be of high quality.

4. The aesthetic plastic surgery practices in Orange County recognize that it is not just the wealthy that seek out breast augmentation and facial treatments such as Botox. The prices for cosmetic plastic surgery aren't what they once were; most of the popular procedures are within reach of a middle class family with a healthy income. With the technology and techniques utilized by today's plastic surgeons, nearly every procedure from breast augmentation to liposuction can be an outpatient procedure.

5. Orange County's plastic surgery centers understand that theirs is a diverse market as well. One prominent plastic surgery center in the north county town of Brea is currently advertising for a surgical nurse, "bilingual a plus." Some of the Hispanic and Vietnamese communities in the County have families that can afford plastic surgery and seek it out. Facial tucks and liposuction are attractive services to the ethnic cultures in the County and the aesthetic plastic surgeons recognize that fact.

OrangeCounty-Has-Quality-Plastic-Surgery&id=1225725″>Source by Mary Hart

“Oh no, now I’ve done it.” You have just applied to much paint and created huge sagging paint globs to your once perfect model. That perfect contest winning finish you were hoping for is now a disaster.

All is not lost however. You can fix just about any paint mistake that you have made on your contest model with just a bit of work. With a careful paint sanding technique, you can create a perfect finish.

Using four techniques; paint standing, re-spray, paint polish and wax, you can fix just about any mistake you make. I will show you how to use these techniques to fix your model and bring it back to contest level.

Paint standing is the first technique we will use to correct and over spray or orange peel situation you have created on your model. Orange peel is just extra paint that is applied to thickly and ends up making the surface of your model looked like the outside of an orange. The easiest technique I’ve found to correct this kind of situation is just to use sandpaper to grind off the extra paint. The hardest part of doing this is not to stand into the details sticking out of the surface of your model.

There are many different grades or grits of sandpaper. I basically classify sandpaper into two types, rough and fine. Rough sandpaper comes in grit numbers from 100 to 1000. The lower the number the more course it is. For heavy paint removal I typically use number 320 grit. Fine sandpaper runs from 2000 through 12000 grit. This fine grit is one secret to getting to a perfect finish.

Sandpaper comes with different kinds of backing. I prefer cloth backing over the cheaper paper backing because generally I use only a wet sanding technique. Wet sanding is where you use water to help lubricate the surface of the model and generally works better for my model paints.

Your first task is to let your paint mistake dry completely. Then start the uneven paint removal with a rough grit sanding being very careful not to sand into any plastic detail of your model. I will cut the sandpaper into very small pieces and hold them or glue them to wooden “tools” to get into small places. I will also use paint thinner to soften paint buildup around detailed areas keeping in mind that you do not want to ruin the plastic.

Once this is done, re-spray paint the damaged area.

Continue this process of sanding and re-spraying until you are satisfied with the finish. At this stage you are now ready to fine sand the paint.

Fine sanding is really the true secret to a perfect paint finish. I work the paint finish by sanding the paint using these grits in order.

2400

3200

4000

6000

8000

12000

The sandpaper I like to use is sandwiched between foam so that it conforms to the surface of the model more easily. Each step uses the wet sanding technique with water. Change your sanding strokes in different directions and try not to use a lot of pressure. At the end of this paint sanding sequence the surface of your model should be very even and smooth. This will bring us to the next step which is polishing the paint.

Paint polish is the next secret to that near perfect paint finish for your contest winning model. I prefer Novus plastic paint polish. I work the paint to a fine mirror finish by using No. 3, No.2, and then No.1 in sequence. This sets you up for the final step which is wax protection.

Wax protection is the final step in and creating your contest winning the model finish.

I use Meguiar’s mirror glaze #26 professional high tech yellow wax. You can find this at any automotive parts store. I apply it with a soft cloth and buff the paint to a showroom finish.

Well there you have it. It is a lot of work but it is well worth the effort. In the end you have fixed your pain problem and come out with a model that has a complete showroom and contest winning finish.

Source by Tanya Glenn

If you have made the decision to undergo cosmetic surgery, then you have clearly done a cost benefit analysis and determined that the large expense of having a plastic surgery operation done does not outweigh the benefits to be accrued from the plastic surgery. If you are so unhappy with some physical feature that you think about it all the time or it inhibits you from living a full, successful life, or if you have a special occasion coming up and want to enhance your appearance for it, or you are in pain that could have alleviated through plastic surgery, then the benefits of plastic surgery could be great.

Now you want to get the most bang for your buck. You want the best doctor to perform your surgery. You want a board certified plastic surgeon so you can trust that the person operating on you has had training and experience. You also want to find a surgeon who specializes in the area of ​​plastic surgery that you want a procedure. Some return patients may want to find a single doctor to trust who can do all of the procedures that they may want done over the course of their life. Others may want a specialized doctor because if, for example, you want botox treatment, a plastic surgeon who focuses only on skin and facial procedures will be better practiced and possibly a better choice than a doctor who performs a wide range of procedures and sometimes spends more time doing breastfeeding augmentation than botox.

Cosmetic surgery is expensive, and prices vary according to region and. On average procedures run:

Forehead Lifts: $ 3000

Facelift, Neck Lift: $ 3000 – $ 12,000

Blepharoplasty (Eyelids): $ 1500 – $ 7000

Eyelid Ptosis: $ 3250

Lip Enhancement: $ 300 – $ 5000

Rhinoplasty (Nose): $ 3000 – $ 12,000

Otoplasty (Ears) $ 2800 – $ 4500

Torn Earlobe Repair: $ 450 – $ 650

Inverted Nipple Sculpture: $ 1400

Breast Lift: $ 2800 – $ 9000

Breast Augmentation: $ 5000 – $ 7000

Breast Reduction: $ 4200 – $ 10,000

Gynecomastia: $ 2700 – $ 9000

Abdominoplasty (Tummy Tuck): $ 3800 – $ 9000

Naval Surgery: $ 1800

Thigh Lift: $ 3500

Arm Lift: $ 2750

Liposuction: $ 1800 – $ 10,000

Source by Margaret Wommack

What is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery involves surgical reconstruction of different areas of the body. You may be interested in plastic surgery due to birth defects, disease, burns or for other and more personal cosmetic reasons. A plastic surgeon is a well-defined surgical specialist. The best in the field have completed up to 11 years of combined educational requirements, residency requirements, internship and approved residency in plastic and reconstructive surgery, plus an additional 2 years in actual practice before being board certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgeons, the Gold standard in the plastic surgery field. This is the public's assurance that they are dealing with one of the best plastic surgeons available.

Plastic surgery can help improve the way you look and enhance your original features. Whether you are looking to have plastic surgery because of birth defects or for personal reasons, the results can boost your confidence, build your self esteem and provide you with an entirely different outlook on life. There are many options that can improve your life and correct disfigurements or enhance your appearance. Some of the more commonly popular plastic surgery procedures are Breast Augmentation, Abdominoplasty (Tummy Tuck), Liposuction for Body Lifts, Arm Lifts, etc., facial surgeries such as Face Lifts and Rhinoplasty, as well as nonsurgical procedures like Botox injections.

Additionally some of the newer technologies are allowing us to do inticate female surgeries such as correcting vaginal relaxation using Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation procedures. This was typically a surgery only available through conventional methods until recently. By utilizing laser technology and laser surgical techniques, a plastic surgeon trained and certified in these techniques can eliminate the risks inherent with invasive conventional surgical methods, meaning less blood loss as lasers are self-cauterizing, less risk of infection and complications, virtually no hospital time and much quicker recovery times.

Choosing A Plastic or Cosmetic Surgeon

Here are some questions to help you choose a high quality plastic or cosmetic surgeon.

1. Are you Board Certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgeons?

This should be the very first question you ask. There is much public confusion about certification and there are many different certificates available, for instance, state certification. However, to ensure you are getting the highest qualified plastic surgeon available, certification by the American Board of Plastic Surgeons is the design you are seeking. They are the only board for instance, that can certify in both plastic and reconstructive surgery.

2. Find out who will be assisting your surgeon during your procedure:

There are many people needed as a support team for your surgery to go smoothly and limit the chances of any complications. Typically, your support team will include trained nursing staff, an anesthesiologist, recovery room nursing staff, and any other technicians or support needed for your particular procedure. Find out what and who they are and their qualifications.

3. Where will my surgery be performed?

While some plastic surgery procedures may be performed in the cosmetic surgeon's office, most require hospitalization or a surgical care center. Be sure and ask about the facilities where you will be having surgery and if those facilities are accredited or certified by the appropriate agencies.

4. What are the potential risks or side effects of my plastic surgery procedure?

Every surgery carries the potential of risk, for instance excess blood loss, infection, or other complications that may be unforeseen or that can occur. Although very rare with modern day plastic surgery techniques, they can occur, and when they happen it can mean you require additional surgery that will place an added financial risk or burden on you. Find out what these risks are. Dr. Vu, for instance, is the only Portland plastic surgeon that has been approved by CosmetAssure. CosmetAssure is basically compliance insurance, and provides Dr. Vu's patients with an additional layer of financial protection should that rare complication occur. A cosmetic surgeon approved for CosmetAssure carries the highest credentials, a spotless surgical record and possesses the highest surgical skills.

5. How long is the Recovery Time for my procedure?

Find out, every procedure variations, but knowing ahead of time will help you plan for time off work or arrange for any additional home service help you may need.

7. What kind of anesthesia should you choose?

Anesthesia is always one of the larger risks of any type of surgery and there are basically 3 types. A local anesthesia which is very low risk and primarily only used during low risk, low invasive office procedures, an IV sedation, referred to as "twilight sleep" and general anesthesia. The choice is typically left up to the patient for the latter 2, but you need to know the risks associated with each, and the cosmetic surgeon can make a recommendation to you depending upon any additional personal risks you have, such as smoking, medicines you 're currently taking, etc. Be sure and cover this topic thoroughly.

8. What do past patients have to say about this particular plastic surgeon?

The fastest way to know about a plastic surgeon is by reputation, and the thing that builds (or ruins) a plastic surgeon's reputation faster than anything is the testimonials or recommendations from existing patients. Your cosmetic surgeon should either have a good sampling of testimonials on their website, or be able to show them to you if you ask. If the plastic surgeon you are contemplating using has not received cards and letters of thanks, odds are you will not be sending them either either. If at all possible, find out if prior patients are happy with their surgery results, as well as the personality of the attending plastic surgeon themselves.

I hope you have found this information on plastic surgery useful.

Dr. Kim-Chi Vu, MD, PC

Source by Kim-Chi Vu, MD

Plastic surgery encompasses a wide variety of procedures for the face and body. From nose jobs to breast implants, we perform a broad scope of body changes. While the vast majority of these procedures do very well and patients have an uncomplicated after surgery course, some patients will experience complications. The occurrence of complications in plastic surgery, of the minor variety, are not rare. Major complications, fortunately, are very rare.

Interestingly, there is a vast difference in the incidence rate and types of complications between plastic surgery of the face and that of the body. While patients understandably place a greater emphasis on procedures done to their face, the actual rate of significant complications from facial surgery is quite low. There are several reasons for this include; the wonderful blood supply to facial tissues which is quite resistant to infection and allows most wounds to heel quite quickly (including the cleansing of bruising and swelling), cosmetic surgery of the face is really 'wonderful' surgery and does not enter any major body cavities Egypt cause major pain and surgery on the face does not disrupt the body's physiologic functions (like temperature control and fluid lifts) like body plastic surgery does. For these reasons, facial surgery procedures do not pose the same systemic risks as body surgery such as deep vein thromboses, pulmonary embolisms, and infection. Most complications in the face, short of bleeding and hematomas, are mainly about appearance, symmetry, and scarring. Not that these are not significant, but they are rarely life-threatening or invoke major medical problems.

Body plastic surgery, conversely, carries with it bigger risks in my opinion. First, body surgery is 'bigger' and involves more surface area of ​​the body than the face. Whether it be liposuction or a tummy tuck, large body areas are being opened or manipulated. As a result, the issues of blood loss, adverse temperature changes, and fluid shifts are real potential issues and expose the patient to greater medical risks such as fluid collections (seromas) and blood clots. Second, the blood supply below the neck to any one body part is not as great as any part of the face. Therefore, infection rates for body surgery are definitely greater than that of the face. While patients are more tolerant to small differences or asymmetries on the body as opposed to the face, the chances of more significant differences is also likely because the surgery site is much larger and the changes being made are larger. No where are these issues more evident than in bariatric plastic surgery, the extreme end of body surgery, where big skin cutouts, long incisions, and extended operating times test the ability of any patient to heal in an uncomplicated manner.

Potential complications are part of any form of plastic surgery and unfortunately most are reliably minor and are often just a bump (aggravating as that is) along the way of recovery. However, body surgery is associated with longer recoveries (for many of the procedures) and higher rates of complications such as wound dehiscences, seromas, and asymmetry between body parts. This is in contrast to cosmetic surgery of the face where the surgical sites by comparison are smaller and healing is much quicker and less complicated.

Source by Dr Barry Eppley

If you are sent due to unshaped breasts, silicone prosthesis can open new doors for you. The multi-faceted benefits of plastic surgery offer natural and proportional body parts. It is among the top ranked surgery which demands a fine touch of aesthetics. Protese de silicone or silicone prosthesis is now commonly accepted as a cosmetic surgery.

The major goal behind this surgery is to enhance the physical appearance in women who wish to change the size of their breasts. The purpose of the surgery is mainly to shape the breastfeeding while keeping the aesthetic values ​​in right amount. It responds to the social rights and ethnic customs in the perfect manner. Women's breasts always faced shape problems due to factors like pregnancy and feeding. When the elasticity of the skin is in question, the breasts begin to fall.

The loss of shape and firmness of breasts always affects the confidence of women and hence protege de silicone has gained special importance in the beauty world. The cost of such plastic surgery has also skyrocketed so that common people can not afford the huge expenses. The service of expert doctors are required for a successful surgery and keeping this point in front, Brazilian plastic surgeons are the experienced hands for silicone prosthesis at affordable rates.

This surgery is mainly focused on enlarging the breasts using silicone and helps in making the body more proportional to the breasts. Asymmetric breasts, fall of breast and age changes can be successfully modified using protease de silicone. Most widely used implantation is silicone and the prosthesis is implanted into the breasts. Although there are some suspensions about the use of silicone into the body, but these were not scientifically confirmed. The implants are available in various shapes in different sizes ranging from profile round to tear drop. The size and bulk of the implants differs in each case according to the desire of the patients.

There are several types of silicone prosthesis and the most widely used one is the round format as it can be easily shaped to body positions. The surgery planning is the most vital step in the silicone prosthesis and the initial consultation phase needs an open discussion with the doctor. From the clinical point of view, the surgeon examines all the aspects of surgery and studies about the nature of body. If needed, expert advice from cardiologists and others are also taken prior to the surgery.

For the success of the silicone prosthesis, a good communication line has to be established between the patient and surgeon. It is important to consider the surgeon's assessment about the treatment method regardless of the size of prosthesis chosen. After care instructions has to be followed strictly for the success of the surgery. If you are looking for prote de silicone, Brazil would be your first choice with expert surgeons. Skilled Brazilian surgeons are well experienced with sophisticated apparatus and ensure cost-effective treatment to enhance your appearance.

Source by Jesna Jamal

People of Asian ancestry can find excellent plastic surgeons who are familiar and experienced in altering and repairing Asian facial features. Asian surgery is very similar to any other plastic surgery and often results in very successful outcomes. Asian surgery is performed throughout the world as well as in the United States.

Because an Asian's facial features are very different from European facial features, there are more surgery techniques necessary to achieve suitable results. Most surgeons work hard not to change the patient's ethnicity and strive to keep existing Asian facial features intact after surgery.

Most surgeons specializing in Asian plastic surgery have had many years of training to give them the tools necessary to accommodate the wishes of their Asian patients. Some have even received advanced training at Asian medical institutions where they have learned how to perform specialized surgical techniques.

Plastic surgeons perform many different procedures on their Asian cosmetic surgery patients. The most common surgeries they perform are on the eyelids and on the nose. The surgeon creates a superior palpebral fold in one eyelid during what is known as a double-eyed procedure. Augmentation rhinoplasty is performed on the nose using an alloplastic implant. Plastic surgeons also perform less invasive procedures on their Asian patients including chemical peeling, dermabrasion and botox injections. Some are even using lazer treatments to treat certain skin conditions such as wrinkling and age spots.

All plastic surgery performed on Asians is done with great caution because Asian patients have unique skin conditions which are much different than the skin of Caucasians. Asian skin is more prone to infection and complications so surgical techniques are done very carefully and the patient is closely watched both during and after surgery.

Asian plastic surgery is becoming more and more popular because it is no longer only people of European descent who want and can afford to improve their appearance through surgical intervention. More and more Asians living in America and in Europe want to look more "white" and are choosing to have their noses restructured and folds added over their eyes.

Source by Matt Murren

The Oxford Dictionary definition of plastic surgery is: "the process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body by the transfer of tissue, either in the treatment of injury or for cosmetic reasons". Therefore, plastic surgery is divided into reconstructive and cosmetic surgery.

Reconstructive surgery involves improving a part of the body or face that is abnormal and reconstructing it to appear normal. Often a patient seeks reconstructive operation because of a malformation that they would like to have corrected – developmental abnormalities, tumors, infection, birth defects. The most popular reconstructive surgery procedures are: otoplasty (ear surgery), rhinoplasty (nose surgery), hand surgery, etc.

Cosmetic operation differs from reconstructive surgery because the purpose of this procedure is to take a normal body structure and improve it to make it look better. Cosmetic surgery is an electrical surgery and is performed to reshape normal structures of the body in order to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem. The most popular cosmetic surgery procedures are: breast augmentation, tummy tuck, face lift, etc.

A medical travel facilitator offers access to high-quality as well as affordable medical tourism services abroad. Be August, it officially started offering plastic surgery services abroad, in Brasov Romania. The partnership was made with the best plastic surgery clinic in Brasov.

One can find various plastic surgery procedures abroad, ranging from breast interventions (breast enlargement, breast reduction, breast uplift), to nose surgery (rhinoplasty) or ear surgery (otoplasty). If exercising or dieting does not provide a flatter, toned tummy, then a liposuction (lipoplasty) or a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty) may be the best option in place. Age shows its signs especially on the face and hands, so procedures like a facelift, eye-lid or hand surgery are very common for obtaining a rejuvenated look at any age.

Source by Adriana Albu

Cosmetic and plastic surgery procedures have grown since the beginning of the 20th century. As a result, looking healthy young and beautiful has come to be a standard. So if you are thinking about a procedure for changing your looks you may be looking into the possibility of cosmetic surgery. But before you decide on a procedure you will need to know the differences between the standards available.

Cosmetic surgery is defined purely on redefining your looks. If you do not like a facial or body feature that you have, you may use cosmetic surgery to change that specific area. Cosmetic surgery is very useful in reducing lines or wrinkles in your face, for taking out body fat in a specific area, or even lifting or supplementing and reducing a specific feature of your body.

Plastic surgery, however focuses on reconstruction. Maybe you have a birth defect, injury or disease that has caused a change in your features. For these type of problems you would use plastic surgery instead of cosmetic surgery. Plastic surgery would also cure areas which are deformed or have caused you pain in the past. If you had to have surgery as a result of a disease,then plastic surgery can be used to reform your body image.

Cosmetic and plastic surgery have made huge advances in recent times. Both cosmetic and plastic surgeons basically receive the same medical background training. But a cosmetic surgeon won’t be able to receive educational training for cosmetic surgery specifically. They would receive most of their training through a postresidency training program consisting of workshops, seminars, and eventually a certification.

Regarding plastic surgeons, after going through the educational background, they would also need to complete a specific timeline for a training program. But instead of the focus being on cosmetics,they will be learning how to treat problems such as tumors or deformities or other types of specific problems. After this they will receive a certificate specifically for plastic surgery. Note that these surgeons will have the option of becoming trained in both cosmetic and plastic surgery if they desire.

Source by Ben O’Rourke

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