How To Prevent AIDS – Medicaid Dentist

AIDS or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a disease compromising the immune system of our body. An HIV infection if left untreated finally presents itself as a full blown AIDS case in its later stages. Apart from the initial phase of infection which at times manifests with flu-like symptoms, the following stages are largely asymptomatic, thereby giving an opportunity for the virus to silently compromise the disease fighting capability of the body leading to repeated prolonged infections.

An HIV infection can only be transmitted through the following:

  • Unprotected sexual encounter with an infected partner be it anal, vaginal or oral
  • Infected blood transfusion
  • Use of infected needles
  • From an infected pregnant mother to her child

Usually all hospitals have screening tests conducted before all blood transfusions, organ transplants and semen insemination but there have been rare cases of contracting an infection through –

  • Infected blood transfusion
  • Organ transplant from an infected donor
  • Artificial insemination with semen of an infected male.

It is equally important to know that AIDS does not spread through touching, hugging, mosquito bites, eating together or through handshakes and therefore there must be every attempt made for social acceptance and patients must be treated with respect and due regard.

Having seen the reasons as to how an infection can be transmitted we can also enlist the high risk groups:-

  • People in substance abuse using shared needles.
  • Infants born to HIV infected mothers who are not undertaking treatment for the infection
  • People indulging in unprotected sex with individuals who are infected or with those engaging in high risk sexual behavior.
  • Also at risk are sexual partners of individuals indulging in high risk sexual activities.
  • People handling blood, blood products and other body fluids and surgeries.
  • Preventing contracting an HIV infection
  • In case you are in a profession that deals with body fluids or surgeries, take adequate protective measures in a form of protective clothing and masks to avoid any direct contact with them.
  • Do not indulge in substance abuse of prescription drugs or street drugs. Never use shared needles for drug abuse.
  • Practice safe and healthy sex.
  • Always use a condom when engaging in sex with an unknown partner or with a partner indulging in high risk sexual behavior
  • Infected Pregnant women must seek medical advice and counseling and take appropriate treatment to avoid transmission to the unborn child infected.

In the event of you suspecting an exposure to HIV seek immediate medical help. Medical advances have come up with Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) incorporating an immediate course of antiviral drugs which are believed to reduce chances of infection.

Source by Lian J Plameras

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