Archives

July 2019

Many of the dental woes of people have been satisfactorily solved thanks to the effort made by the surgeons who practice cosmetic dentistry as an art from a specialized dental practice. There was a time when teeth deformities like breakages, chipped teeth, discoloration of teeth and gaps between the teeth were the main cause of embarrassment to individuals who did not have any option for overcoming this disorder.

The advancements made in the field of cosmetic dentistry not only presented the people with a choice as regards the improvement of their teeth but also made the dentist and the dental practice an accessible and endearing area. There are various aspects of cosmetic dentistry of which the one related to complete as well as partial dentures (P D) is the most sought after field among people.

(P D) are dentures which are used to fill in the gaps left by the few missing teeth in such a manner that not only do the empty places get filled but the remaining teeth are also kept in their natural positions. The field of cosmetic dentistry features two types of partial dentures namely the fixed (P D) and the removable (P D).

The fixed variety involves the permanent attachment of artificial teeth which bear a striking resemblance to the natural teeth in form of dental implants or bridges. Comparatively, the removable partial dentures, also known as removable dental bridges, consist of artificial teeth which are attached to the jaw with the help of a resin base material connected to a metal framework to keep the teeth in place. As every dentist would inform his patients, there are a number of varieties of removable partial dentures namely acrylic, cast chrome, partial and full dentures.

Immediate dentures are instant among all the cosmetic dentistry options since it is made of acrylic and is widely used in the dental practice for immediately replacing an extracted tooth. The cast chrome partial dentures are more stable as compared to the acrylic and comprise of cast metal frameworks which are made from chrome cobalt. The flexible framework (P D)are a recent advancement in the field of cosmetic dentistry and consist of nylon-like unbreakable material which is pink in color. A complete denture which features all teeth on the denture.

Source by Mike Aderson

These days patients have become far much vigilant than what they were few years ago. Patients are now taking good care of their oral health. That being said there are many others who suffer from cavities and have to undergo dental restorations with the help of dental fillings. There are different types of fillings which are being used these days and hence we take up this opportunity to talk about all of them. This is an attempt to help you out so that you can choose what best suits you.

There is one such dental filling which has been used since ages. This is the amalgam filling. This is being used since the last 150 years. The composition of amalgam filling is a mixture of metals – just as the name suggests. So ideally it contains 50 percent mercury, along with tin, copper, silver or zinc. As compared to the other types of dental fillings the advantage that amalgam has is that they are less costly, very strong and last really long. However the disadvantage is that they are silver in color and over a period of time the color diminishes. This means that when you open your mouth there will be something odd for people who are talking to you. Furthermore there was a time when amalgam fillings were deemed to be unsafe by ADA because of mercury content. However now it has been proved that the level of mercury is safe enough to be used but then it is always better to keep your options open.

Your next option for dental fillings is the composite filling. They are made out of powdered glass and acrylic resin and are far much advantageous than the amalgam fillings. The biggest advantage of composite filling is that they can be colored to match the color of teeth. This makes the teeth much more appealing and is really effective for people who always desired natural looking smiles. Composite filling is considered to be durable however not as much as the amalgam filling. This is the very reason why the life of this type of dental filling isn’t that very long and that’s why they are perfect fit for small fillings. Dentists would recommend it to patients who feel little pressure in chewing food.

Gold dental fillings are your third best option when you decide to undergo dental restoration. They last really long and are highly durable so much so that ADA has claimed they will last for as long as two decades. However you must be aware that such sort of durability won’t come in cheap. They are really expensive and you will have to spend a lot of time at the dentists‘ clinic to get them fixed.

Porcelain fillings are another option for you and have the traits like the gold and composite. They are expensive and require multiple visits to the clinic. On the other hand they are fragile but look like natural teeth which helps in giving you a natural appearance.

Lastly resin or Glass Ionomer are also the option for dental fillings. There are used on the primary teeth or they also may be used to fill small areas where the decay is present. They are very delicate hence they are generally used on kids.

Let your dentist take a call on it. They will examine your teeth and after every consideration they will suggest the best dental filling which can be used. Apart from that make sure that you follow proper oral hygiene so that bacterium does not give birth to plaque. This turns out to be dangerous and leads to teeth restorations.

Source by Dr Sunil Phol

Many “Christian Identity” groups (who taint the Israelite origins of the West) claim that most who refer to themselves today as Jews aren’t really Jews but dangerous imposters.

Such misguided souls rely heavily upon two scriptures, taken out of context, to stoke their unwarranted hatred:

“And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive; I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, but thou art rich and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.” (Rev. 2:8-9)

“And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name. Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.” (Rev. 3:7-9)

Both messages were given by Messiah through the apostle John to two different Church of God congregations in what today would be modern Turkey. Unlike Jerusalem, the Jews were no major power or threat in either Gentile city.

The Sabbath-keeping Churches of God, who follow the plain truth of the Bible as taught by Herbert W. Armstrong, have always understood such scriptures about imposter Jews to refer to professing Christians who were following the false convert, Samaritan sorcerer Simon Magus:

“Simon had bewitched the people of that country, and they followed him as their leader in the Babylonian mystery religion “from the least to the greatest, saying, This man is the great power of God” (Acts 8:10)…

[After being rebuked by Peter]…Simon proclaimed himself a Christian apostle, nevertheless, and called the pagan Babylonian mystery religion “Christianity.” He accepted the doctrine of “grace” for the forgiveness of sin (which the pagan religions had never had), but turned grace into license to disobey God (Jude 4). He aspired to turn his pagan religion, under the name “Christianity,” into a universal religion, to gain thereby the political rule of the world.

Simon, the “Pater” (Peter) of his counterfeit religion, did not accomplish this in his lifetime. But succeeding leaders, with the headquarters moved to Rome, did, later, gain political control over the Roman Empire and its medieval successor, called “The Holy Roman Empire.” This empire is in process of again being resurrected in Europe now!” (Mystery of the Ages, Herbert W. Armstrong).

Spiritually speaking, all truly converted Christians are spiritual Jews. Ethnic Jews and physical Israelites who reject Messiah are spiritually Gentiles. Paul explains:

“For indeed circumcision is of value if you practice the Law; but if you are a transgressor of the Law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 So if the uncircumcised [Gentile] man keeps the requirements of the Law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? [a spiritual Jew/Israelite] 27 And he who is physically uncircumcised, if he keeps the Law, will he not judge you who though having the letter of the Law and circumcision are a transgressor of the Law? 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. 29 But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.” (Romans 2:28).

When Yeshua mentioned the “synagogue of Satan,” Yeshua was speaking to the Smyrna and Philadelphia Churches of God in Asia Minor. He was referring to some “synagogue of Satan” opposing them there. He was not referring to Jews as an ethnic group (whom He acknowledged as literal physical descendants of Abraham and so did Paul) or to the Jewish religious authorities in Jerusalem.

Again, spiritually speaking, anybody who professes to be a true Christian is claiming to be a spiritual Jew, as Paul spoke of such circumcision of the heart. Therefore, TRADITIONAL CHURCHIANITY CONSTITUTES THE SYNAGOGUE OF SATAN — cleverly misleading the masses for a Gentilized Jesus, a counterfeit gospel, a different spirit and pagan holidays and ways of the Babylonian Mystery religion — in those days and in these days! (2 Cor. 11:4, Rev. 17:5).

Any literal, physical Israelite or Jew remains such regardless of whether they’re blind to Jesus’ identity at this time, as Paul made reference to his ethnic Jewish brethren and didn’t reject them as such, even though admitting they were enemies of the gospel. Paul didn’t once call them counterfeit Jews or synagogue of Satan or any thing like it. Instead he praised their zeal (having shared it) but said it was “not according to knowledge.” However, Paul, like true Christians, knows in God’s good time the blindness that afflicts ISRAEL (Anglo-Saxons and Northwestern Europeans) and JUDAH will be history.

Some persist in their error and state that the physical Jews in Israel today aren’t Jews in God’s sight any more since they reject the Priest-King of Israel and therefore aren’t worthy to live in the Holy Land, saying God would never give it to them.

Others compound their sin against our Jewish brethren (ethnically, tribally speaking) by refusing to believe that they’re even physical Jews, repeating the lie that they’re all Khazar converts, exaggerating claims made by those who refuse to submit to God’s Word that clearly reveals LEGITIMATE JEWS would again be living in the Promised Land of Israel, exercising sovereignty over Jerusalem, contested by the international community of fools, just before the False Prophet and Beast occupy Jerusalem.

The Bible, the inspired Word of God, calls them Jews and refers to “the cities of Judah” (not occupied “Palestinian” towns) so we should believe the Bible over men who would say otherwise, as I bring out in a Jewish Homeland.

Both Israel and Judah have been blessed because of ABRAHAM’S OBEDIENCE. Our ethnic Israelite folks, mostly professing Christians, were not denied the physical inheritances God unconditionally promised Abraham, Isaac and Jacob that their heirs would inherit — even though we’re acting like Gentiles. Yes, we’re Gentilized Israelites just like our pagan forefathers who rejected God’s holy days for pagan holidays.

Yet God has blessed Joseph primarily, the leader of the Northern Ten Tribes, with the United States and British Commonwealth. Likewise, God has not denied Judah a homeland despite their current serious spiritual condition that — like our Israelite countries — is in desperate need of repentance and healing or we’ll all suffer national destruction, defeat and deportation (Dan. 9:11, Malachi 4:4). God has faithfully given us the blessings He promised Abraham but now their continuance is conditional upon our obedience.

Both counterfeit Christians and jaded Jews must come to NATIONAL REPENTANCE. The Jews have rejected Jesus, blinded by their traditions, and Churchianity has rejected Jesus for their idolatrous traditions, both against the biblical traditions the Jewish apostles have shared with us (Titus 1:16, 1 John 2:4). Such blindness, in large part, was prophesied. But now that God is revealing these things, bringing it to light, exposing the darkness in traditional Judaism and Christianity, we’re to confess and forsake our sins and get back to the biblical basics, back to the Faith once delivered — so help us God — or we’ll go back into national captivity.

The good news is even if we insist upon learning the hard way, going through the “hell” of the Great Tribulation, the Time of Jacob’s Trouble, Two Witnesses will see us through the long night and help us prepare to meet our God, to receive our King: Yeshua the Messiah.

Source by David Ben-Ariel

Are you one of the many people who neglect to make regular appointments with the dentist? Do you dread going to the dental office even for routine cleanings? If so, then there are some things that you need to consider. It is very important to make regular visits to your dental professional for a number of reasons. Attending regular appointments will give your doctor an opportunity to evaluate the health of your teeth and the effectiveness of your dental hygiene practices. It will also give her the opportunity to provide you with important preventive care, and these are things for which you will be very grateful.

Evaluating the Health of Your Teeth

The first reason that it is important to visit your dentist regularly is so that she can evaluate the health of your teeth. Your doctor will be able to see signs of decay or other dental problems even if you have not begun to feel the effects of these symptoms. Fixing these problems before you start having aches and pains is something that you are sure to appreciate. Overall dental health is also important to evaluate and maintain, as it can be a good indicator of one's overall bodily health as well.

Evaluating Your Dental Hygiene Practices

Aside from evaluating the health of your teeth, your dentist will also be able to evaluate your dental hygiene practices. They will be able to tell you how effectively you are brushing and flossing your teeth, and can tell you if there is anything that you could be doing differently in order to get better results. This can save you from experiencing dental problems in the future.

Preventive Care

Finally one of the most important reasons to make regular appointments with your dentist is for the benefits of preventive care. One of the most important features of a dental cleansing and examination is the opportunity that it gives your doctor to see if there are any problem areas in your teeth. By doing this, she will be able to help you to understand how to prevent these problems from becoming worse. This can save you lots of time, money, and pain in the future, and this is something that you will be extremely thankful for.

All in all, there are several reasons to make regular appointments with your dentist. Doing so will allow your doctor an opportunity to evaluate your oral health and your hygiene practices. It will also give her the chance to provide you with some much-needed preventive care.

Source by Anna Woodward

A dental laser is a special laser used to counter oral surgery or dentistry. C. Kumar N. Patel made the first ever CO2 laser in 1964 and in the same following year the Nd: YAG laser was invented at Bell labs. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States of America first approved the use of lasers in dentistry in 1994. Post-this development, the use of lasers on hard tissues like teeth or the bones of the Mandible ie jawbone was approved in 1996. Several variations of dental lasers are in use with different wavelengths, which means that they are better suited for different applications.

Dental lasers are used in the oral care field to treat multiple problems:

1. Teeth Whitening – a peroxide bleaching solution applied to tooth is 'triggered' by a laser energy, which fastens the whitening process.

2. Tooth Decay – to remove tooth decay and prepare the surrounding enamel for receipt of the filling.

3. Biopsy – lasers are used to remove a small piece of tissue called biopsy, which helps in inspecting cancer.

4. Gum Problems – laser technology helps in reshaping gums and removing bacteria

5. Remove Tissues – it helps remove overgrown tissues caused by certain medications.

6. Proper Movement – It helps in removing muscle attachments that restrict proper movement of the mouth.

How do Lasers work?

The goal of a dental laser surgery is to optimize photo biologic effects. The Photo thermal conversion of energy permits soft tissue incisions and excisions to be accomplished with accompaniment precision. To understand this on a less scientific note, once a laser beam is produced it is aimed at the tissue to perform a precise task. In this task, four interactions occur once the energy reaches the interface, which are Absorption, Transmission, Scattering and Reflection.

"All lasers work by delivering energy in the form of light. When used for surgical procedures, the laser acts as a cutting instrument or vaporizer and when used for curing a filling, the laser helps in strengthening the bond between filling and tooth." The dental lasers in common use today are Erbium, Nd: YAG, Diode and CO2. Each type of laser has special biological effects and procedures associated with them.

Advantages of using Laser Dentistry

• It is a more precise and advanced technology
• A more relaxing and pain less experience for the patient
• No more anesthesia injections or drill procedures are performed in the teeth
• Lasers can reduce symptoms and healing times associated with traditional therapies.
• Controls bleeding and swelling during surgery
• Helps to reduce the amount of bacteria in both gum tissues and tooth cavities
• It preserves a healthy tooth during cavity treatment.

Some Cons include

• Laser treatment is less pocket-friendly; its cost is much higher than a usual dental drill
• Lasers can not be used on teeth with fillings already in place
• Laser is not a very reliable method as traditional drill may still be required during shape filling and bite adjustments due to irregular results
• The need to eliminate anesthesia is not completely over-ruled during laser treatment

To be sure of a Dentist's proper laser training?

Asking your dentist questions about the amount of his / her laser education and training would be great place to start. Then make sure that your dentist has participated in educational practices and received training by the manufacturer. Popular dental schools, associations and the Academy of Laser Dentistry (ALD) offer dental laser education. The Academy of Laser Dentistry is the profession's independent source for current dental laser education and credentialing.

The FDA 510 (k) Clearance: a statement from the American Dental Association

All dental lasers currently available in the US market have a 510 (k) clearance by the Food and Drug Administration. The team in-charge decides if the product meets the desired criteria for substantive equivalence. The review includes dental laser system specifications and safety mechanisms. Given the many factors that are appropriate to evaluate when using lasers, the council notes that the 510 (k) process alone is not sufficient to demonstrate safety or efficiency. Properly designed preclinical and clinical studies are necessary to demonstrate safety and efficacy.

The council advises the dental practitioners to proceed with caution with the devices being cleared for market by the FDA 510 (k) clearance. There are currently more than twenty cleared indications for use for dental lasers in the USA.

Conclusion

Laser use in dentistry is gaining popularity These days with advantages such as "pain less" experiences making laser dentistry friendly. "To gain something we have to sacrifice something else" – this statement is in contention with laser dentistry as it is a cost affair. Therefore, laser treatments carried out for oral care is more-or-less a luxury. Having said that, the treatment is only for those who could afford it, which is why the traditional methods of dentistry are in high demand.

Source by Sharon Grogan

Are you one of the many people who neglect to make regular appointments with the dentist? Do you dread going to the dental office even for routine cleanings? If so, then there are some things that you need to consider. It is very important to make regular visits to your dental professional for a number of reasons. Attending regular appointments will give your doctor an opportunity to evaluate the health of your teeth and the effectiveness of your dental hygiene practices. It will also give her the opportunity to provide you with important preventive care, and these are things for which you will be very grateful.

Evaluating the Health of Your Teeth

The first reason that it is important to visit your dentist regularly is so that she can evaluate the health of your teeth. Your doctor will be able to see signs of decay or other dental problems even if you have not begun to feel the effects of these symptoms. Fixing these problems before you start having aches and pains is something that you are sure to appreciate. Overall dental health is also important to evaluate and maintain, as it can be a good indicator of one's overall bodily health as well.

Evaluating Your Dental Hygiene Practices

Aside from evaluating the health of your teeth, your dentist will also be able to evaluate your dental hygiene practices. They will be able to tell you how effectively you are brushing and flossing your teeth, and can tell you if there is anything that you could be doing differently in order to get better results. This can save you from experiencing dental problems in the future.

Preventive Care

Finally one of the most important reasons to make regular appointments with your dentist is for the benefits of preventive care. One of the most important features of a dental cleansing and examination is the opportunity that it gives your doctor to see if there are any problem areas in your teeth. By doing this, she will be able to help you to understand how to prevent these problems from becoming worse. This can save you lots of time, money, and pain in the future, and this is something that you will be extremely thankful for.

All in all, there are several reasons to make regular appointments with your dentist. Doing so will allow your doctor an opportunity to evaluate your oral health and your hygiene practices. It will also give her the chance to provide you with some much-needed preventive care.

Source by Anna Woodward

The best cardio workout for men, the best true bodybuilding exercises for men, and the surest way for guys to build lean muscle have to involve kettlebell training. Thats right guys, I said kettlebell training. By now you may be familiar with the ancient kettlebell, but if not I will quickly fill you in.

The ancient kettlebell is a strength and conditioning device that resembles a cannonball with a handle attached to it. This strength and conditioning device has been around for over three centuries and has been used by the world's greatest strongmen and athletes to forge the world's greatest bodies. This is no stupid fitness fad that is here today and gone tomorrow. This style of training is an art form and has withstood the test of time for good reason! The base lift that is performed with the kettlebell is the double arm swing. This single lift incorporates hundreds of your muscles and is executed by you swinging the kettlebell back and forth from between your legs like a pendulum. Now knowing this here is a simple 2 part workout that you can use with this ancient device.

Part 1: The Push: You see every movement that the human body can perform is either a push or a pull. This particular exercise is going to incorporate a push. All you need is a single kettlebell of moderate resistance. Bring the kettlebell to your chest by properly performing the clean lift. Next, you will essentially perform 2 push movements within one exercise. Properly perform a front squat with the kettlebell. Make sure that you try get low enough within the depth of your squat by allowing your elbow to touch the inside of your knee. As you come back up out of the squat lock out your hips and knees. Once you do this then simply press the kettlebell overhead locking out your elbow and shoulder. Lower the kettlebell back in front of you to the proper clean rack position at your chest with your arm at rest against your body. Perform 5 of these on each arm and then immediately move on to part 2 of the workout.

Part 2: The Pull: So I've established the push portion of the workout so what do you think coming next? Thats right, the pull. Remember the kettlebell swing that I spoke about at the beginning of this article. Well this is going to be your pulling movement. To begin, place the bell right between your feet. Make sure your feet are about shoulder width apart. Next, squat to pick the bell up with both arms. Next you will need to perform the hip snap. The hip snap is performed by you constantly and fluently flexing and extending at both your hips and knees in order to build up the necessary momentum for you to swing the kettlebell from between your legs up to chest level. Attempt a good 50 swings immediately after part 1 of your workout. Once you complete this you will have concluded round 1 of your workout. Allow yourself about 3 minutes rest and repeat this for 2 more rounds. Guys this is one of the best workout routines for men period! Remember that anyone can train hard, but only the best train smart! Give it a try.

Source by Brandon Richey

Today's business networks consist of numerous remote access connections from employees and outsourcing firms. Too often, the inherent security risks arising from these connections outside the network are overlooked. Continued improvements have been made that can enhance security in today's network infrastructure; taking particular focus on the users accessing the network externally and monitoring access end-points are critical for businesses to protect their digital assets.

Installing the correct software for the specific needs of your IT infrastructure is essential to having the best security protection possible. Many companies install "off the shelf" security software and assume they are protected. Unfortunately, that is not the case due to the nature of today's network threats. Threads are diverse in nature, including the usual spam, spyware, viruses, trojans, worms, and the occasional possibility that a hacker has targeted your servers.

The proper security solution for your organization will neutralize all of these threats to your network. Too often, with only a software package installed, network administrators spend a lot of their time at the perimeter of the network defending its integrity by manually fending off attacks and then manually patching the security breach.

Paying network administrators to defend the integrity of your network is an expensive proposition – much more so than installing the proper security solution that your network requires. Network administrators have many other responsibilities that need their attention. Part of their job is to make your business operate more efficiently – they can not focus on this if they have to manually defend the network infrastructure all the time.

Another threat that must be considered is the threat occurring from within the perimeter, in other words, an employee. Sensitive proprietary information is most often stolen by someone on the payroll. A proper network security solution must guard against these kinds of attacks also. Network administrators certainly have their role in this area by creating security policies and strictly enforcing them.

A smart strategy to give your network the protection it needs against the various security threats is a layered security approach. Layered security is a customized approach to your network's specific requirements utilizing both hardware and software solutions. Once the hardware and software is working simultaneously to protect your company, both are able to instantaneously update their capabilities to handle the latest in security threats.

Security software can be configured to update multiple times a day if the need be; hardware updates typically consist of firmware upgrades and an update wizard much like that present within the software application.

All-in-one Security Suites A multi-pronged strategy should be implemented to combat the multiple sources of security threats in today's corporate networks. Too often, the sources of these threats are overlapping with Trojans arriving in spam or spyware hidden within a software installation. Combating these threats requires the use of firewalls, anti-spyware, malware and anti-spam protection.

Recently, the trend in the software industry has been to combine these previously separate security applications into an all-encompassing security suite. Security applications standard on corporate networks are integrating into security suites that focus on a common goal. These security suites contain antivirus, anti-spyware, anti-spam, and firewall protection all packaged together in one application. Searching out the best stand-alone applications in each security risk category is still an option, but no longer a necessity.

The all-in-one security suite will save a company money in reduced software purchasing costs and time with the ease of integrated management of the various threat sources.

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) A TPM is a standard developed by the Trusted Computing Group defining hardware specifications that generate encryption keys. TPM chips not only guard against intrusion attempts and software attacks but also physical theft of the device containing the chip. TPM chips work as a compliment to user authentication to enhance the authentication process.

Authentication describes all processes involved in determining whether a user granted access to the corporate network is, in fact, who that user claims to be. Authentication is most often gifted through use of a password, but other techniques invve biometrics that uniquely identify a user by identifying a unique trait no other person has such a fingerprint or characteristics of the eye cornea.

Today, TPM chips are often integrated into standard desktop and laptop motherboards. Intel began integrating TPM chips into its motherboards in 2003, as did other motherboard manufactures. Whether or not a motherboard has this chip will be contained within the specifications of that motherboard.

These chips encrypt data on the local level, providing enhanced security at a remote location such as the WiFi hotspot full of innocent looking computer-users who may be bored hackers with malicious intent. Microsoft's Ultimate and Enterprise versions of the Vista Operating System utilize this technology within the BitLocker Drive Encryption feature.

While Vista does provide support for TPM technology, the chips are not dependent upon any platform to function.

TPM has the same functionality on Linux as it does within the Windows operating system. There are even specifications from Trusted Computing Group for mobile devices such as PDAs and cell phones.

To use TPM enhanced security, network users only need to download the security policy to their desktop machine and run a setup wizard that will create a set of encryption keys for that computer. Following these simple steps significantly improves security for the remote computer user.

Admission Based on User Identity Establishing a user's identity depends upon successfully passing the authentication processes. As previously mentioned user authentication can involve much more than a user name and password. Beside the emerging biometrics technology for user authentication, smart cards and security tokens are another method that enhances the user name / password authentication process.

The use of smart cards or security tokens adds a hardware layer requirement to the authentication process. This creates a two-tier security requirement, one a secret password and the other a hardware requirement that the secure system must recognize before granting access.

Tokens and smart cards operate in essentially the same fashion but have a different appearance. Tokens take on the appearance of a flash drive and connection through a USB port while smart cards require special hardware, a smart card reader, that connects to the desktop or laptop computer. Smart cards often take on the appearance of an identification badge and may contain a photo of the employee.

However authentication is verified, once this happens a user should be granted access through a secure virtual network (VLAN) connection. A VLAN establishes connections to the remote user as if that person was a part of the internal network and allows for all VLAN users to be grouped together within distinct security policies.

Remote users connecting through a VLAN should only have access to essential network resources and how those resources can be copied or modified should be carefully monitored.

Specifications established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) have resolved in what is known as the secure VLAN (S-VLAN) architecture. Also commonly referred to as tag-based VLAN, the standard is known as 802.1q. It enhances VLAN security by adding an extra tag within media access control (MAC) addresses that identify network adapter hardware within a network. This method will prevent unidentified MAC addresses from accessing the network.

Network Segmentation This concept, working hand-in-hand with VLAN connections, determines what resources a user can access remotely using policy enforcement points (PEPs) to enforce the security policy through the network segments. Furthermore, the VLAN, or S-VLAN, can be treated as a separate segment with its own PEP requirements.

PEP works with a user's authentication to enforce the network security policy. All users connecting to the network must be guaranteed by the PEP that they meet the security policy requirements contained within the PEP. The PEP determines what network resources a user can access, and how these resources can be modified.

The PEP for VLAN connections should be enhanced from what the same user can do with the resources internally. This can be accomplished through network segmentation simply being defining the VLAN connections as a separate segment and enforcing a uniform security policy across that segment. Defining a policy in this manner can also define what internal network segments the client can access from a remote location.

Keeping VLAN connections as a separate segment also isolates security breaches to that segment if one were to occur. This keeps the security break from spreading through the corporate network. Enhancing network security even further, a VLAN segment could be handled by it's own virtualized environment, thus isolating all remote connections within the corporate network.

Centralized Security Policy Management Technology hardware and software targeting the different facets of security threats create multiple software platforms that all must be separately managed. If done incorrectly, this can create a daunting task for network administration and can increase staffing costs due to the increased time requirements to manage the technologies (whether they be hardware and / or software).

Integrated security software suites centralize the security policy by combining all security threats attacks into one application, thus requiring only one management console for administration purposes.

Depending on the type of business you're in a security policy should be used corporate-wide that is all-encompassing for the entire network. Administrators and management can define the security policy separately, but one overriding definition of the policy needs to be maintained so that it is uniform across the corporate network. This ensures there are no other security procedures working against the centralized policy and limiting what the policy was defined to implement.

Not only does a centralized security policy become easier to manage, but it also reduces strain on network resources. Multiple security policies defined by different applications focusing on one security threat can aggregately hog much more bandwidth than a centralized security policy contained within an all-encompassing security suite. With all the threats coming from the Web, ease of management and application is essential to maintaining any corporate security policy.

Frequently asked Questions:

1. I trust my employees. Why should I enhance network security?

Even the most trusted employees can pose a risk of a network security break. It is important that employees follow established company security standards. Enhancing security will guard against lapsing employees and the occasional disgruntled employee seeking to cause damage to the network.

2. Do these innovations really create a secure environment for remote access?

Yes they do. These enhancements not only greatly enhance a secure VLAN connection but they also use widely accepted standards that are often integrated into common hardware and software. It's there, your company only needs to start using the technology.

3. My company is happy with using separate software, that way way application can focus on a separate security threat. Why should I consider an all-in-one security suite?

Many of the popular software applications commonly used by businesses have expanded their focus to identify all security threats. This includes solutions from both software and hardware appliance technology manufacturers. Many of these firms saw the need to consolidate security early on and purchased smaller software firms to gain that knowledge their firm was lacking. A security suite at the application level, will make management much easier and your IT staff will thank you for it.

4. Do I need to add a hardware requirement to the authentication process?

Requiring the use of security tokens or smart cards should be considered for employees accessing the company network from a remote site. Particularly if that employee needs access to sensitive company information while on the road, a simple flash drive secure token requires a thief from accessing that sensitive data on a stolen laptop.

5. With all this concern about WiFi hotspots should employees be required not to use these locations to connect to the company network?

WiFi hotspots have sprung up nationwide and present the easiest method for your remote employees to access the Internet. Unfortunately, hotspots can also be full of bored, unemployed hackers who have nothing better to do than find a way to intercept a busy employee's transmissions at the next table. That's not to say employees on the road should avoid hotspots. That would severely limit them from accessing the network at all. With technologies like S-VLAN and secure authentication in place, a business can implement technologies to reduce threats both now and in the future.

Implementing the latest network security technologies is a high priority for IT Management. In today's network environment with many users accessing your digital assets remotely, it's critical to get your network security correct during the planning phase of the integration process.

Obviously, it should be noted that most large companies have multiple operating systems running (Windows, Mac O / S, etc) and that for many of these companies all-in-one security suites face certain challenges in a mixed operating system environment.

That is why I stress that you consider having layered security (both hardware and software) and do not simply rely on software applications to protect your digital assets. As technology changes so do the opportunities for security breaches.

As these security threats become more sophisticated, hardware and software developers will continue to innovate and it's essential businesses keep up with, and implement these technologies.

Source by Michael G Perry

Health insurance has proven itself of great help and financial aid in certain cases where events turn out unexpectedly. In times when you are ill and when your health is in grave jeopardy and when finances seem to be incapable to sustain for your care, health insurance is here to the rescue. A good health insurance plan will definitely make things better for you.

Basically, there are two types of health insurance plans. Your first option is the indemnity plans, which includes the fee-for-services and the second is the managed care plans. The differences between these two include the choice offered by the providers, the amount of bills the policy holder has to pay and the services covered by the policy. As you can always hear there is no ultimate or best plan for anyone.

As you can see, there are some plans which may be way better than the others. Some may be good for you and your family's health and medical care needs. However, amidst the sweet health insurance plan terms presented, there are always certain drawbacks that you may come to consider. The key is, you will have to wisely weigh the benefits. Especially that not among these plans will pay for all the financial damages associated with your care.

The following are a brief description about the health insurance plans that might be fitting for you and your family's case.

Indemnity Plans

Flexible Spending Plans – These are the types of health insurance plans that are sponsored when you are working for a company, or any employer. These are the care plans inclusive in your employee benefit package. Some of the specific types of benefits included in this plan are the multiple options pre-tax conversion plan, medical plans plus flexible spending accounts, tax conversion plan, and employee credit cafeteria plans. You can always ask your employer of the benefits included in your health care / insurance plans.

Indemnity Health Plans – This type of health insurance plan allows you to choose your own health care providers. You are given the freedom to go to any doctor, medical institution, or other health care providers for a set monthly premium. The insurance plan will reimburse you and your health care provider according to the services rendered. Depending on the health insurance plan policy, there are those that offers limit on individual expenses, and when that expense is reached, the health insurance will cover for the remaining expenses in full. Sometimes, indemnity health insurance plans impose restrictions on services covered and may require prior authorization for hospital care and other expensive services.

Basic and Essential Health Plans – It provides a limited health insurance benefit at a reasonably low insurance cost. In opting for this kind of health insurance plan, it is necessary that one should read the policy description giving special focus on covered services. There are plans which may not cover on some basic treatments, certain medical services such as chemotherapy, maternity care or certain prescriptions. Also, rates vary significantly since unlike other plans, premiums consider age, gender, health status, occupation, geographic location, and community rated.

Health Savings Accounts – You own and control the money in your HSA. This is the recent alternative to the old fashioned health insurance plans. These are savings product designed to offer policy holders different way to pay for their health care. This type of insurance plan allows the individual to pay for the current health expenses and also save for untoward future qualified medical and retiree health costs on a tax-free basis. With this health care plan, you decide on how your money is spent. You make all the decisions without relying on any third party or a health insurer. You decide on which investment will help your money grow. However, if you sign up for an HSA, High Deductible Health Plans are required in adjunct to this type of insurance plan.

High Deductible Health Plans – Also called Catastrophic Health Insurance Coverage. It is an inexpensive health insurance plan which is enabled only after a high deductible is met at at least $ 1,000 for an individual expense and $ 2,000 for family-related medical expense.

Managed Care Options

Preferred Provider Organizations – This is charged in a fee-for-service basis. The involved health care providers are paid by the insurer on a negotiated fee and schedule. The cost of services are significantly lower if the policy holder chooses an out-of-network provider ad generally required to pay the difference between what the provider charges and what the health insurance plan has to pay.

Point of Service – POS health insurance plans are one of the indemnity type options in which the primary health care providers typically make referrals to other providers within the plan. In the event the doctors make referrals which are out of the plan, that plan pays all or most of the bill. However, if you refer yourself to an outside provider, the service charges may also be covered by the plan but the individual may be required to pay the coinsurance.

Health Maintenance Organizations – It offers access to a network of physicians, health care institutions, health care providers, and a variety of health care facilities. You have the freedom to choose for your personal primary care doctor from a list which may be provided by the HMO and this dentist doctor may coordinate with all the other aspects of your health care. You may speak with your chosen primary doctor for further referrals to a specialist. Typically, you are paying fewer out-of-pocket fees with this type of health insurance plan. However, there are certain instances that you may be often charged of the fees or co-payment for services such as doctor visits or prescriptions.

Government-Sponsored Health Insurance

Indian Health Services – This is part of the Department of Health and Human Services Program offering all American Indians the medical assistance at HIS facilities. Also, HIS helps in paying the cost of the health care services utilized at non-HIS facilities.

Medicaid – This is a federal or s state public assistance program created in the year 1965. These are available for the people who may have insufficient resources to pay for the health care services or for private insurance policies. Medicaid is available in all states. Eligibility levels and coverage benefits may vary though.

Medicare – This is a health care program for people aging 65 and older, with certain disabilities that pays part of the cost associated with hospitalization, surgery, home health care, doctor's bills, and skilled nursing care.

Military Health Care – This type includes the TRICARE or the CHAMPUS (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services) and CHAMPVA (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affair). The Department of Veterans Affair (VA) may also provide this service.

State Children's Health Insurance Program – This is available to children who low-income parents were not able to qualify for the Medicaid.
State-Specific Plans – This type of plan is available for low income uninsured individuals.

There are many different types of insurance plans that you may have the prerogative to know about. By learning which health care insurance fits your situation, you can avail of the many options that will likely be of great assistance to you in times when you will need it most. Insurance costs have typically become one of the common draw backs in choosing for an insurance quote. However, weighing the benefits will really matter. Make sure that you always read the benefits, terms and conditions before landing to whichever type of health insurance you choose.

Source by Mitch Legaspi

If you've been making frequent visits to different dentists, you should notice that some equipment and instruments they use look strikingly the same. These dental equipment and instruments are essential for a dentist to complete his dental work. Although some of the equipment your local dentist uses may look old, they function just as well as newer ones. Look for these rudimentary dental equipment and instruments whenever you have the time to browse the treatment room.

Dental Chair

The dental chair is probably the most predominant piece of dental equipment in the treatment room. Dentists either purchase brand new or refurbished dental chairs when they start public practice. Regardless of condition, comfort, stability, and utility are the three key factors that sets a good dental chair from a bad one. The first dental chair was introduced in 1970 and has continued to evolve to suit different dental office aesthetics and to provide more utility, like the ability to purify running water, sport LCD displays, and improved spinal support specifically designed for older patients.

Saliva Ejector

You probably recognize a saliva ejector running because of the ambient noise it produces. The saliva ejector makes it easy to vacuum out intrive saliva while performing an operation by way of the suction tubes. Do not worry though, as a saliva ejector will not dry out your mouth, only the excess saliva produced by the body during awkward mouth positions is filtered out by the machine.

Examination Instruments

The dentists use examination instruments to peer into the mouth, look for the cause of the pain, and finally work on the damaged or infected tooth.

The mouth mirror is used to peer into hard-to-view areas of the mouth, like the back and gaps of cavities. The mouth mirror is also used by the dentist to thump a tooth to see if it draws pain.

The dental explorer has a hook that services a scraper for minor plaque and tartar buildup. It is also used to sensitize the tooth and see if it produces any tingling sensation from the patient. The dental explorer's primary purpose is to determine if there is any tooth decay building up on the tooth.

The periodontal probe is used to measure pocket depths in between teeth. This probe is usually used on adult patients, since they are more prone to periodontitis. The probe is also used on patients who wear braces and Invisalign to see any improvements on their bite.

Dental Tweezers / College Tweezers

These pair of tweezers is usually used to hold and push cotton into different portions of the mouth to prevent saliva from gushing into the teeth.

Dental Excavator

Dental excavators come in different ends: a spoon, claw or disk-sized blade. They are used in removing tooth decay. The shapes correspond to different types of teeth.

Dental Drill

After pinpointing the cause of dental pain, and more often than not, a deceased molar, the dentist will need to excavate the tooth by using a dental drill. A dental can be attached to different removable tips / extensions (also called dental burs) and is capable of 400,000 rpm speeds, which is perfectly suited to penetrate the hard calcium surface of a tooth. A dental drill is primarily used in excavating a cavity prior to filling it with composite resin or amalgam.

Upon filling a tooth with composite resin or amalgam, repairing chipped teeth or for purely cosmetic reasons, the use of a dental bur is imperative to smoothen the surface of the tooth.

Dental Syringe

A dental syringe is a unique syringe specifically designed for injecting sufficient and controlled amounts of anesthesia into the gums. It is also used to pull liquids (particularly pus) from the gums.

Dental Anesthesia

Dental anesthesia is a specialized form of general anesthesia, whereby lacking the presence of nitrous oxide. Dental anesthesia is commonly called lidocaine by dentist. Its numbing effect usually usually lasts one two hours, depending on body mass and the nervous system's tolerance to anesthetics.

Source by Kyle Kahveci

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